Bareilly History

The district of Bareilly lying between Lat.28 degree 1′ and Long. 78 degree 58’k and 79 degree 47’E was once the part of ancient Panchala, which was bound by the river Gomati in the east, Yamuna in the west, Chambal in the south and on the north it approaches the Himalayan foot hills. During the later Vedic period Panchala acquired considerable significance – in fact it became the matrix of Later Vedic Civilization. According to the Shatapatha Brahamana (XIII 5.4.7-8)the Brahmins who had settled in different parts of Panchala and were being patronised by its Kings were to be counted not by hundreds but by many thousands. At another place’ the same text records, “speech sounds higher among the Kuru-Panchalas” – the speech denoting the rectification of Vedic texts. The scholars of Panchala were famous throughout India. It was from Panchala region that the sage Yajnavalkya was invited in the kingdom of Mithila to enlighten king Janaka on various philosophical problems. In the development of Upanisadic philosophy Prayahana Jaivali, Pratardana, Gargayayana and Uddalaka of Panchala had made significant contributions. In fact it was in this region that during the later Vedic period the Indian life and thought had assumed the form which had followed ever since. There is a story in the Kathakasmhita which reports a debate between Vaka Dalbbhya from Panchala and Dhratarastra Vaichitravirya from Kuru. This contest between the two indicates that whereas the Panchalas had soon realised the futility of sacrifices and were engaged in philosophical discussions, their neighbour Kurus were continuing their faith in rituals and sacrifices. The love for reason in the region of Panchala did not confine to philosophy only. They were ploneers in the domain of Natural Science also.

Uddalaka Aruni of Panchala who could not presumably be later than the 8th or 7th B.C. took the step from the magicomythological view of the scriptures to a naturalistic understanding of nature. He postulated the original cause of the universe the primeval being (Sat), ignoring thereby the word Brahman (identified with spirit) – which was greatly in vogue in the general intellectual climate to which he belonged. He proceeded to sketch a view of the evolution or development of everything in nature ultimately from the primeval being or Sat with a dynamism or motion inherent in it. What strikes us as most remarkable about his procedure is that practically at every step of this sketch, he drew upon empirical data or facts of direct observation, already censored by the priest class.

From archaeological point of view the district of Bareilly is very rich. The extensive remains of Ahichhatra, the Capital town of Northern Panchala have been discovered near Ramnagar Village of Aonla Tehsil in the district. It was during the first excavations at Ahichhatra (1940-44) that the painted grey ware, associated with the advent of the Aryans in Ganga Yamuna Valley, was recognised for the first time in the earliest levels of the site. Nearly five thousand coins belonging to periods earlier than that of Guptas have been yielded from Ahichhatra. It has also been one of the richest sites in India from the point of view of the total yield of terrocotas. Some of the masterpieces of Indian terrocotta art are from Ahichhatra. In fact the classification made of the terracotta human figurines from Ahichhatra on grounds of style and to some extent stratigraphy became a model for determining the stratigraphy of subsequent excavations at other sites in the Ganga Valley. On the basis of the existing material, the archaeology of the region helps us to get an idea of the cultural sequence from the beginning of the 2nd millenium BC upto 11th C.A.D. Some ancient mounds in the district have also been discovered by the Deptt. of Ancient History and culture, Rohilkhand University, at Tihar-Khera (Fatehganj West), Pachaumi, Rahtuia, Kadarganj and Sainthal.

In the 6th Cent. BC, the Panchala was among one of the sixteen mehajanapadas of India. The experiment in non-monarchical form of Government in Panchala was soon engulfed in the growing Magadhen imperialism – first under the Nandas and then under the Mauryas.

The fall of the Mauryan empire saw the emergence of numerous small and independent states in the whole Ganga Valley. It saw a remarkable revival in the fortunes of Panchala which once again came to occupy a very significant position in the history of north India. Panchala emerges at this time as one of the strongest powers in India. About 25 kings who have ruled during this period have left behind thousands of coins. During the period between the fall of the Mauryas and the rise of the Guptas, the Panchalas had two phases of power – first the pre Kushana phase i.e. from C-150 BC to AD 125 and secondly a short period of fifty years after the fall of the Kushanas, which ended in CAD 350 when Panchala was assimilated in the Gupta empire by Samudragupta.

Under the Guptas Ahichhatra was one of the provinces into which the Gupta empire was divided. The material evidence during the Gupta period at Ahichhatra does not give the impression that it was a large and prosperous centre like the preceding phase. The monuments under the Guptas are mainly religious indicating that Ahichhatra had then become mainly a religious centre.

The amalgamation of several religious and popular beliefs may be observed through out the history of Panchala in ancient India. In addition to being associated with the activities of pravahana Jaivali, Gargayayana, Uddalaka etc. responsible for giving a distinctive touch to the later vedic thought, the region was also a prominent centre of popular beliefs such as the cult of Nagas, Yaksas and Vetalas. The Jain tirthamkara Parshvanath is said to have attained Kaivalya at Ahichhatra. The city was also influenced by Buddha and his followers. The remains of Buddhist monastries at Ahichhatra are quite extensive. The echoes of the Bhagavates and the Saivas at Ahichhatrra can still be seen in the towering monuments of a massive temples, which is the most imposing structure of the site.

After the fall of the Guptas in the latter half of the 6th century the district of Bareilly came under the domination of the Maukharis. Under the emperor Harsha ( 606-47 AD ) the district was the part of the Ahichhatra Bhukti. During Harsha’s reign the chinese pilgrim Hiuen Tsang also visited Ahichhatra about 635 AD.

After the death of Harsha this region falls under anarchy and confusion. In the second quarter of eighth century the district was included in the kingdom of Yashavarman (725-52 AD) of Kannauj and after him the Ayudha kings also Kannauj became the masters of the district for several decades. With the rise of the power of the Gurjara Pratiharas in the 9th century, Bareilly came under their sway. It continued under their subordination till the end of the tenth century.

Mahmud of Ghazni gave a death blow to the already decaying Gurjara Pretihara power. After the fall of the Gurjara Pretiharas Ahichhetra ceases to remain a flourishing cultural centre of the region. The seat of the royal power was shifttes from Ahichhatra to Vodamayuta or modern Badaun as the irrefutable evidence of Rashtrakuta Chief Lakhanpalas inscription would have as believe.

About the middle of the twelfth century the Katehriyas seem to have established themselves firmly in the Bareilly region with Kabar and Aonla as their chief centres. They appear to have started as vassals of the Rashtrakutas of Vodamayuta (Badaun) but on the latter’s downfall (1195 AD) they declared independence. The Katehriyas are to be noted for their conspicuous role in persistently resisting the onslaught of the Delhi rulers till as late as the time of Akbar. The origin and the rise of the Katehar Rajputs in the region is a mystery and a matter of controversy.

According to the tradition the foundation of the town of Bareilly may be dated some time in the first half of the sixteenth century. It is said that one Jagat Singh katehriya founded a village called Jagtpur about the year 1500. In 1537 his two sons Bas Deo and Barel Deo were responsible for founding Bareilly. The place was named after the two brothers as Bans Bareilly. The name Jagatpur is still retained by one of the mohallas of the old city. During the region of Akbar the Katehriyas rose in revolt but it was crushed by the Mughal general Almas Ali Khan. Bas Deo of Bareilly who was then ruling over a considerable extent of territory was killed and Bareilly was annexed in the Mughal empire. However the Mughal authority did not become effective here till the afghan nobles who were entrenched in these parts were overthrown.

The development of the city was accelerated in 1657. When the faujdar of Bareilly was Mukrand Rai. He is credited to have built the new city of Bareilly by clearing out the sal forest. The mohalla makrandpur sarkar was named after him and that of AlamgiriGanj after AurangZeb Alamgir. The Mohallas of Beharipur,Malookpur and Kazitola were also founded by him. He also built the Jama Masjid and a large fort were the Qila Police Station is situated.

The proprietary settlements of the district during the period between 1191 to 1701 is difficult to ascertain as most of them were uprooted by the Rohillas but prominent among those clans which were able to retain their power in the district were the Katehriya, Janghara and Chauhan. Some castes Kanrawas, Jatasths and Kodars also had proprietary rights in the district.

It was with the immigration of Daud Khan, an Afghan slave(who originally hails from Roh in Afghanistan) in the region that the Afghan Rohillas had come into prominence. His adopted son Ali Muhammad Khan succeeded in carving out an estate for himself in the district with his headquarter at Aonla. He was ultimately made the lawful governor of Kateher by the Mughal emperor, and the region was henceforth called “the land of the Ruhelas”.

When the Marathas invaded Rohilkhand in November 1772, they were repulsed by the Rohillas with the help of the nawabs of Avadh. After the war when Shuja-Ud-daula demanded the indemnity from the Rohilla Chief Hafiz Rahmat Khan for the help given to him, the demand was rejected. The annoyed nawab then with the help of Warren Hastings invaded Rohilkhand. In ensuing battle of Mirranpur Katra in 1774, Hafiz Rahmat Khan was killed and the authority of the Avadh was established over the entire territory of the Rohillas. The Avadh supermacy did not continue for long for the mounting debt on account of the maintenance of British forces in the region led to the surrender of the whole of Rohilkhand(including Bareilly) to the East India Company by the treaty of November 10, 1801.

The news of the outbreak of the struggle of independence which started at Meerut reached Bareilly on May 14,1857. The people rose in revolt, occupied treasury and burnt the records of Kotwali,Khan Bahadur khan, the grandson of Hafiz Rahmat Khan was able to form his own government by appointing Sobha Ram Diwan, Madar Ali Khan and Niyaz Muhammed Khan generals and Hori Lal as paymaster. With the failure of this first war of the Indian independence everywhere, Bareilly too was completely subjugated by the British on 7th May 1858. Khan was sentenced to death and was hanged in the Kotwali on February 24, 1860.

The Indian National Congress came in to prominence in Bareilly during the khilafat movement when Gandhiji visited this town twice and many Hindus and Muslims were arrested. In response to the call given by Gandhiji, the Civil Disobedience Movement in the district was launched on Jan 26,1930. In 1936, a conference of the Congress was held in Bareilly under the presidentship of Acharya Narendra Deo. It was addressed by Jawaharlal Nehru, M.N.Roy, Purushottam Das Tandon and Rafi Ahmad Kidwai. In 1942 when the ‘Quit India’ movement was launched, many processions and meetings were organised and nearly 200 persons were arrested. More prominent among them were Damodar Swaroop Seth, Brijmohan Lal Shastri, P.C.Azad, Rammurti, Naurang Lal, Chiranjivi Lal, Udho Narain D.D. Vaidya and Darbari Lal Sharma. In the Bareilly central Jail at that time were confined such prominent leaders as Jawahar Lal Nehru. Rafi Ahmad Kidwai, Mahavir Tyagi, Manzar Ali Sokhata and Maulana Hifazul Rahman.

Published in: on July 19, 2007 at 1:19 PM  Comments (62)  
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62 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. Hi, thanks to the author of this website. its so soothing to read about the history of bareilly which is my home town, i miss bareilly a lot. I m living in australia from last 7 yrs and working here as an IT Engineer. For the first time ever, i have had a chance to know more about bareilly. It is one of the best well written and detailed literation, i have ever come acrossed talking about such a beautiful city (i m sure you would indeed agree to it, wont you). I have my emotions, beautiful past right from child hood till i left overseas linked which all have come alive….. well by now, you must have known that how emotional im getting while writing this. I know i wont stop writing, if i continue and im sure this window wont be enough perhaps… Well on concluding this, i would like to congratulate you for such a nice effort. thanks Pratit A

  2. Dear Prashant,
    Realy it a tremedous job you did.Keep it up! A useful information for non History people.
    With warm regards.

    KR Khan,
    Bareilly Cantt.

  3. Thanks a lot Mr. Khan, I’m just trying to make ppl know about my great mother land and native place.

  4. Somehow i missed the point. Probably lost in translation :) Anyway … nice blog to visit.

    cheers, Sole.

  5. Very interesting site. My mother’s family (the kapoors) moved to Bareilly in 1947 and started Hind Talkies, a movie Theatre. The theatre is still there and running I believe, but the family has moved away. I remember visiting every year till early 80s when I moved away from India. My late uncle Pran Nath Kapoor was a well known figure in the 70s. I wish to connect with folks from Bareilly, as I was born in Bareilly at Mission Hospital in 1964. Its part of my roots. My mother and father went to Bareilly College.

  6. hi. though i hav not read ur post completely, yet it is a good effort. me too from bareilly… planning to make a documentry film on BAREILLY. we can talk on this topic, if you are interested. send a mail to:

  7. I m back again to this blog and it nice to see that few people have visited and left their memories in words.. Bareilly aaah ! i dont get much change to go back and spend sometime there. I still have relatives and my home in Rampur garden. Could i please request Prakash to please add some pictures of bareilly city. i heard city has changed drastically with lots of colleges and malls. I wish i go back to bareily when i get old and die in the home where i was born.

  8. Kathriya Rajput of bareilly ( Kather region) later call Rohilkand are still leaving in Hills of India and Nepal as Kathayat, kathait, kathet family name.

  9. i found this site fabulous .
    i also belong to bareilly;plz provide some more
    history .
    a great job done by you .

  10. Dear Prashant,
    It is really very informative and entertaining to know historic details about Bareilly, my birth place. I would be grateful if you include the details of some prominent figures/personality of Bareilly of recent time in your feature/blog. Thanks!

  11. hello

  12. hhiiiii

  13. Hi,
    i feel gud when i see(read) the barreily ppl get so immotional abt the place…..such ppl are really gud hearted…quite a gud amt of history here…can any one of you tell me when ahmed’s place is named Ahmedabad and not Ahmedkhand,how come the muslim Rohillas’ place came to be known as Rohilkhand???? kindly write to me at
    ramesh rohilla

  14. hei dude,

    Nice blog, keep it up.
    I am in Pune arround 4 yrs.,mss by home town Bareilly.
    hv lots sweet memories out there.


  15. Hi Prashant,

    I found the article very interesting to read. I believe you’ve made a great effort to bring the information together. However, you have quoted lot of facts without showing any referencing at all. It makes the information dubious though, so I suggest if you can add references it will be good.

    I was brought & bread in Bareilly too but now I am out of India from about 10 years.

  16. Hi,

    Looking for some roots there Late Diwan Krishna Swaroop’s family

  17. bareilly rox, things happening round da world are even happening in bly it has all brand shorooms complex(adi,rbk……..) n amprapalli mall is under constructon there r cinema’s n pvr’s under construction n all tu all its a education hub with more than 39 skools 5-6 colleges and a lot if any one would is happening to come to up, visit bly.
    (hind talkies is still running nitin)

  18. Hi dude
    you have done a great job.Although we are livivg in bareilly but we are not aware from that prideful history of bareilly.

  19. Hi Everyone,
    Its always nice to talk to people from your own place. Bareilly has a special place in my heart as it is my home town and I did my engineering from there. Right now settled in Delhi but I try to visit the place once every quarter.

    Thanks to Prashant for such a nice effort which has helped in many people exchanging their emotions. It indeed is a great place to live, very peacefull, wheather is nice, water quality is great, people of this place are best, strategically located (near to delhi and close to himalayas and so many hill stations).

    But somewhere I feel that the place is not living up to its full potential. Specially the industry that it use to boast 2 decades back have all died up and there isn’t any new big industrial sector coming up. There is a need to revive industry, specially with so many industries / things for which Bareilly is known for – Salma sitare clothing, surma, bamboo furniture, patang manjha. With the combined effort of government and people of Bareilly, once again we can see the name of Bareilly on industry map once again.

    Thanks and wishes to all.

  20. I can be reached at

  21. I am also from Bareilly.
    Thanks for the blog…its very well written for non-historians.
    If i got it correctly, the best part i liked is how Bareilly was named after the names of two brothers Bas Deo and Barel Deo…..

  22. jyot ka ashar. ki roshni jaha tak jaye… magar roshni ko jaha se dekha liya jaye, waha tak ashar hota hai..
    aapne wo kame kiya hi janab…

    ahem baat wo nahi ki aap kishi ko pehcah liya jaye…
    ahem wo hai ki kishi ko uski pehchan Batadi jaye.

  23. thanxxx bhai….
    project mein help mil gayi…..
    nice work dude…:)

  24. thank you for telling history of bly

  25. Thanks a lot guys …. Your comments is a great help to keep the site up and running …. and I’m glad to know that there are more ppl here who are interested in Bareilly History other than Bareilly University Results :) Thanks again ..

  26. Thanks a lot guys …. Your comments is a great help to keep the site up and running …. and I’m glad to know that there are more ppl here who are interested in Bareilly History other than Bareilly University Results :)

    Site Admin

  27. Thanks a lot for your comment .. :)

  28. i known bareilly history

  29. M working in banglore and i really missed my home town bareilly. Its info bring back all my childhood memory.

  30. I like to see some pictures of the old Mohallas of Bareilly. I like to know more of muslim history. Any body knows where is nawaboon kee gali in Bareilly. My parents left Bareilly in 1947 and came to Pakistan but I want to vidit the city at least once in my life time.
    My parents were not Khan or Pathaans that I read most bareilly muslims were pathaans, so where other muslims who are not pathan or who are not shia came from? I am searching my history. Feel free to expresee youer views, I am open to find the turth. Send me email so that I will visit this site again. Do we came to Bareilly from another country or were we already there and accept Islam as a true religion/ what is the truth?

  31. I am a Scientist in US NAVY. Good to know that the place of my ancestors is alive and a reality. I have heard so much from my late parents that it seems a dream land. If somebody has a good video of the city and video of old mohallas please post it.

  32. My oldest sister told me the following facts:

    The following Gaoon or areas or villages belong to my mother Taya about 90 years ago:


    my question is:
    Do these places exist today? are they in their original names? Have they increased in size? ..Wht those people left the land of their ancestors?…can you sehd light on these questions.

  33. I feel good to know the history of bareilly..i completed graduation is a very good city….love you bareilly

  34. I feel good to know the history of bareilly..i completed graduation is a very good city….love you bareilly…

  35. I feel good to know the history of bareilly..i completed graduation is a very good city….i m from Usawan(BUDAUN) love you bareilly…

  36. hi
    every body from bareilly it is very nice place in all concern it is full of everything .

    praveen singh rathaur & sangeeta singh

  37. hi
    dear shantanu rathore and ishan singh and mrs sangeeta singh & praveen singh rathaur

    ur stay at bareilly was most enjoyable then any other place.

  38. myself praveen singh rathaur & sangeeta singh Shantanu Rathore & Ishan singh & Sri Rajendra Singh Rathore & Mrs Usha Rathore lives in bareilly from a long period it is the best place in India where u can get everything and can enjoy most.

  39. i also like bly specially rampur garden and cantt area. i am great full to king baraldev and bansal dev on whose name the city was founded . cantt rarea is so clean and has very good park rose garden and children park. food stuff of ferns backery and cantt confectionary is very tasty.

  40. bly can not is too good place .

  41. Hi dear this is Iqtidar husain from mumbai , i born in bareilly and yet from lat 5 years in mumbai , this website is very helpful to know who we are and what is our history , it is very nice , keep it up. i don’t have word to exprace my feeling , very good and very nice , very informative, thx dear and keep it up

    Thanks & Regards
    Iqtidar Husain

  42. Dear Mr. Mahroof Qurashi

    I am Iqtidar husain, born and broughtup in bareilly and yet in mumbai , as your quarry Tilhar…..Richa—-Butha—-Mohammmadi are in same form and name are also same. they grow up as with the time grow, and the person that belongs to qurashi family are usaly belongs to qurash nager , this area is in the heart of the city name , old city , near to kazitola , as you can read this “kazitola ” name in history.
    If you have any other quarry please feel free to contact me on (

    Thanks & Regards
    Iqtidar Husain

  43. Hi this is rajeev yadav from dubai , i born in bareilly and now working in dubai , this website is very helpful to know who we are and what is our history , it is very nice , keep it up. i don’t have word to exprace my feeling , very good and very nice , very informative, thx dear and keep it

  44. Excellent information about our Bareilly.
    Can someone please help me in getting the full list of Villages (Tehsil-wise) in Bareilly District. Thanks.

  45. Such a nice and fully knowledgeable stuff you have provided through this article, really you have done a great job…

    Keep doing this type of great things.

    Heartly appreceation for your stuff.

  46. Mr. Prashant
    Congrate. great research, good job.

  47. It is marveles histoy collection I am very thankfull for all releted.
    Jagatpur new basti chuk mehmood nager is my native palace. Certenly I love it. Every year i visit here who remind me Mr. Omer ( grand father)Qamer(dad)Batulan (grandmother)Vazirullah ,Bashir ,Jamil

  48. bareilly is my birth place ,what a useful information is given here ,bareilly is a very good pplace its a place of peace ,important city between lucknow and delhi,people are very coperative and educational,medical facilities are excellent………..SANTOSH KUMAR ,NEAR ISLAMIA COLLEGE ,BAREILLY

  49. Dear Prashant,

    I am very much interested to know myself about my ancestory. They were all in Bareilly, moved in 1947 to Pakistan. I read all what you wrote about Bareilly history. I like to know where from Muslims came into Bareilly…from outside (where..who..when)who are or were non pathan (khan)muslims like qureshi, siddiquis.
    Or, were these people converted to Islam? I am muslim my forefathers were muslims in Bareilly, so? what is the history? India has a long history of Hinduism, India was very prosperous in old times, Indians were not muslim and Islam started very late (it is new religion)so? who are indian muslims of United province beside pathan muslims who migrated from Afghanistan or other pathan areas. Please send me an email if you dont understand my question.

  50. Dear readers and Mr Iqtidar Husain,

    My middle name is also Hussain (like you) and last name is qureshi, is it possible that those 4 areas that I mention earlier belong to one person of my family ancestory? He must be very very rich then…what happened ..why they become poor and finally migrated to Pakistan in 1947? Please read my other letter also and shed some more light. my email I simply like to know all the facts of the history. The people of Utter pardesh as I know and myself seems more intellegent, cultured, nice in behaviour and have better human qualities then the people of other areas of India and Pakistan? Am I right?….what is our history….who are we?

  51. Dear Maroof,
    I do not think ppl on this forum can answer your queries.I,of course, can’t either.So i suggest you google.The other source can be wikipedia.One very good source can be a history community on India on Orkut.Should you get some information,kindly share with me on I share your passion for knowing my roots.Mine appears to be a diagonally opposite case to yours.

    ramesh rohilla

  52. Well you can share the same with me and I’ll publish the same with your name. I’ve got limited time and resources to keep this kind of site running.

  53. aaaa

  54. I like to visit Bareilly once in my life time. My ancestors came from that place.

  55. Dear Prashant
    What a marvelous job got to know more than what i knew while physically residing there.
    we the dsouzas lived in bareilly for 40 years my father , FRANCIS DSOUZA,was the manager of bareilly club since the 1940’s. my mother KOSU DSOUZA died at bareilly in 1981 and is burried at the cantt christian twin daughters were born there in 1980 when i was posted there while serving in the army. the first convent school opened there in 1952 and i was one of the very first students.i wonder if any of those from maria goretti school are still there i rememeber suman bhandari-we used to cycle a lot.his father had a clinic near the old kwality/kippps restaurant.then there was moon peters-his mother worked in the railways.the mendes’s were in the cantt .and many more. life was slow life was good.i remember the bareilly rickshawallahs merrily singing songs most contended and a happy lot regards and best wishes to you Prashant

  56. Sorry ,it was adressedd to Veer Prashant

  57. You will love the place I promise

  58. it would be nice to visit bareilly and see the changes joe dsouza

  59. i was born in Clara Swain Hospital in Bareilly in 1965 and lived there untill 1974, at which point I moved to New York City with my family. Although i only lived there untill the age of 9 i have very fond and unforgettable memories of Bareilly. I attended Hartmann High School. in Izatnagar. I remember a restaurant called Rio, does anyone know if it still exists?. I also have a comment for Nitin Rai’s posts above. I lived in 105 Civil Lines and remember your dad Prem Nath Kapoor as the Hind Talkies movie theater was right next to my grandmother’s house. I remember often sneakinig into the theater to watch movies and also remember tht once inside there were steps leading up to the theater. I remember watching Hare Rama Hare Krishna in 1973 at Hind Talkies. Also when we used to fly kites from the roof of my grandmother’s house we could actually hear the dialogues from the movies playing. Nitin, i would love to hear from you as we are about the same age. You can reach me at


  61. My forefathers history goes to Bareilly UP, when I try to dig history it stops somewhere around 1870. We are not Khans, what I read here is lot of Khans, lot of Afghaniis, Rohillas originally from Roh in Afghanistan. one member in 1890 or around is supposed to be decendent from central asia (LARGE AREA) in my family. Muslims came from somewhere out side of Bareilly and their history of Bareilly started. Bareilly itself is not very old city when i read current history, The land is very fertile, people are very friendly, opportunities are un limited, Some part were still un tapped and muslims who came from outside added value and added richness to already existant culture and there may be lot of wrong doings as the whole world history is full of wrong doings by every nation and every group. My father was in East India Railway and extremely active railroad employee. Born in Bareilly, lived there work there an active healthy life. He used to go to whole India from Bareilly Railway station every day. I have 2 big thoughts:

    1 Who were really my ancestors (kings families, Hindu, muslims from central asia) and why they came to India? What bring them to India (opportinities?) Were they poor?or persecuted in their mother land? or we are desendents of Shazada Farrukh Saher as my mother some times used to say?

    My second thought is how a person settled for centuries in a city that was enriched with culture and history left city all of a sudden because a country was formed on the basis of religion and that riots started in very peaceful cities of UP where an average citizen was considered as the most noble among Indians, he took all his families and came in search of some peaceful ideal place where he can feel safe? came to unknown un familiar areas just because in their own homes their life was in danger? How hard it would have been to settle in areas that were not as developed as from where they came from? Culturally different kind of people but religion same? Language different but religion same? as the world is moving towards more understanding and advancement people are finding flaws in systems and searching for truth? Can we all live togehter in harmony and peace? Respect each other believes that nobody knows in true sense which one is right which is wrong (all are right in theior own way) ? Can we respect the value of creation? Still I cannot come to conclusion when did the first muslim came to Bareilly and no answers to How, Why, What where is un resolved.

  62. its really fact ” bly is a very good city. i’m also 4m bareilly.” Amit Sharma.

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