Pilibhit – Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[8] District Pilibhit had a population of 16,45,183[9] occupying 38th position in the Districts of Uttar Pradesh. Males constitute 53.26% of the population and females 46.73%. Pilibhit has an average literacy rate of 49.81%, lower than the national average of 59.5%, male literacy is 62.49%, and female literacy is 35.11%. In Pilibhit, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Population of district Pilibhit for 2011 has been estimated as many as 20,64,869 by a study done in Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Population Growth of District Pilibhit
Census Pop.  %±
1901 470,369
1911 487,632 3.7%
1921 431,604 -11.5%
1931 448,824 4.0%
1941 490,699 9.3%
1951 504,391 2.8%
1961 616,301 22.2%
1971 752,151 22.0%
1981 1,008,332 34.1%
1991 1,283,103 27.3%
2001 1,645,183 28.2%
Est. 2011 2,064,869 25.5

According to the central statistical organization, the district Pilibhit had an area of 3504 km2 on Sept 1, 2007, occupying 33th position in the state and the total area of the pilibhit city is 38.76 Km2. Pilibhit city has much higer population density than the rest of district. The population density of the city is 4279.60 per km2, on the other hand the district has only 469.51 per Km2.

Prior to the abolition of zamindari the zamindars owned large tracts of arable and forest land. The farm labour was brought from eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. After zamindari was abolished the excess cultivable land was distributed amongst the landless agricultural labour. In the post independence period large number of displaced persons from Pakistan were settled in the area. They were provided cultivable land mainly by clearing private forests. Large tracts were cleared and wetlands were drained and brought under the plough. The inhabitants of the landscape generally belong to the following major groups – those from eastern Uttar Pradesh, those from Pakistan including Punjabis and Bengalis, migrants from Punjab and the locals.

An Aerial View of Pilibhit city

An Aerial View of Pilibhit city

The common property lands and resources are worst affected in Puranpur tehsil. The population density of the tehsil has increased considerably over the last two decades. The population groups constantly endeavour to maintain their interests and identity. The immigrant labour and the Bengalis are the weakest economically but have a growing political clout. The Punjabi displaced persons and migrants are financially the strongest and wield considerable political clout.[10] The locals are always anxious to safeguard their interests against the immigrants. The locals are strongest in the process of decision making.

Amongst the locals are also the Tharu tribals.[11] They are settled cultivators, keep large herd of cattle, some sheep and goats. They have a distinct cultural identity. There are some Tharu villages in the proximity of Katerniyaghat Sanctuary. They are related to the Tharus in the terai areas of Nepal. The Tharus depend on the forests for food, fodder, medicine, small timber for construction of huts and agricultural implements, handicrafts, social and religious ceremonies. The major Tharu groups include the Ranas, Dingoras and Katharias. Marriages between these groups are very uncommon. Once their habitations were forest villages but now these are revenue villages. The tribal area development schemes have benefited these people. They have adopted modern farming techniques and have slowly shifted from subsistence level farming to raising cash crops. Some now own tractor and other farm implements. The eco development initiatives have largely focused on these Tharu villages.

Published in: on October 14, 2008 at 9:32 AM  Leave a Comment  
Tags: ,